The notion of citizen science as an innovative form of engagement is widely applied in the global context. In Lithuania, however, the inclusion of citizens in scientific activities is in its infancy. Therefore, this project will explore the potential of citizen science in addressing the social problems of local communities and identify the barriers/motivations of involved stakeholders. Objectives of the project: (1) To actualize the concept of citizen science by analysing scientific literature and documents, highlighting the potential of citizen science for solving social problems in local communities; (2) Developing a conceptual model and instrument for researching the application of citizen science in solving social problem of local communities through combination of scientific sources and international best practice; (3) To explore the scope and potential of citizen science in solving social problems of local communities in Lithuania through analysis of influential factors and views of various stakeholders (citizens, communities, researchers, policy-makers, etc.); (4) Provide recommendations for interested public institutions and groups on ethical principles, preconditions, barriers, and potential for the use of citizen science in addressing social problems of local communities. This study would be the first exploratory step towards the development and promotion of citizen science in Lithuania. The results of the research project will be presented to both the academic and general public at national and international events and in the media.